The coordination of humanitarian relief is always difficult due to a lack of data required for management and planning. Remote sensing imagery can be an important source of information about the in-situ situation, notably, no-access areas. Scenarios include situation awareness after natural disasters or military conflicts, damage assessment, or monitoring camp structure, either as a one-off exercise or on an ongoing basis. In this article, we propose a multifractal approach to automating information extraction about internally displaced persons/refugee camps and discuss its potential and limitations. Our case study uses multifractal features to determine the extent of camps in Kenya and Sudan. The results show that the method can be usefully applied to camp growing analysis and help to make a rough, but rapid estimation of their extent. Our multifractal method appears to be a reasonable step forward on the road between manual mapping and (not yet developed) fully automated, highly accurate processing.
Jenerowicz M., Wawrzaszek A., Drzewiecki W., Krupiński M., Aleksandrowicz S. (2019), Multifractality in Humanitarian Applications: A Case Study of Internally Displaced Persons/Refugee Camps, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote