Traditionally, snow cover has been seen as an obstacle to landcover classification and impervious surface detection based on remote sensing. However, snow cover increases the spectral contrast between impermeable surfaces and other land-use types.
Historically, climatologists have found it difficult to access reliable information on cloud vertical structure. This is becaus e both surface-based observers and imaging/sounding satellite sensors have limited capability to report superposed cloud. How-ever, lidar–radar
Recreation is a complex and important ecosystem service. Therefore, there is a need for approaches that can account for this complexity, and integrate both environmental and socio-economical perspectives. The Recreational Ecosystem Services (RES) model
Tourism contributes to human well-being and is recognized as a cultural ecosystem service. However, assessments of landscape potential for tourism tend to be very general. Therefore, this study proposes a method that takes into
This study uses the ray tracing method to simulate synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images of urban areas. The images are constructed for polarisations: horizontal-horizontal (HH) and vertical-vertical (VV), and different types of buildings, vegetation,